THE NAPOLEON DNA PROJECT - The search for descendants of Napoleon

Are you a direct male descendant of Napoleon Bonaparte? The genetic origins analysis of the Napleon-DNA-Profile

Since the beginning of 2010 iGENEA is on the search for male descendants of the Bonaparte family with a large-scale worldwide project.

47 people, who claim to be related to Napoleon have been tested and compared to find genetic similarities.

At the same time, scientists conducted comprehensive DNA tests with a hair sample of Napoleon. The result has been compared with a sample from Charles Napoléon Bonaparte, a descendant of Napoleons brother Jérôme Bonaparte. Both results matched and have been published in the Journal of Molecular Biology Research on 31.12.2011.

Napoleons DNA-profile

Locus   12345678910
DYS#   39339019*391385a385b426388439389-1
Allele   14241310161611121214
Locus   11121314151617181920
DYS#   392389-2458459a459b455454447437448
Allele   11311999117211420
Locus   21222324252627282930
DYS#   449464a**464b**464c**464d**460GATA H4YCA II aYCA II b456
Allele   28141516171011192215
Locus   31323334353637
DYS#   607576570CDY aCDY b442438
Allele   12181935361210

Origins analysis "Napoleon Bonaparte"

With the help of a 37 Marker profile and a Deep-Clade test, iGENEA, the institute for origins analysis, has analysed Napoleons origins.

Haplogroup:
Napoleon belonged to haplogroup E1b1b1c1*. This group originated approximately 7.000 years ago at the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea between and Egypt and Turkey. Today this haplogroup can most frequently be found in Israel, the palestinian territories and Libanon. Also 10% of ashkenazi and sephardic Jews belong to that haplogroup.

Ancient tribe and region of origin:
The profile of Napoleon is rather rare. Similar profiles can be found among sephardic Jews, in Greece and Italy. It is not sure, when Napoleons ancestors moved to Italy from the Near East. They could have sailed across the Mediterranean Sea as phoenician or greek merchants 2.000 to 3.000 years ago. Also a jewish ancestry of Napoleon can not be excluded.

On hint to Napoleons ancestry is already given by the genealogy of his family: One of his ancestors, Francesco Buonaparte, has been called "il Mauro". His ancestors can be traced back to the city of Sarzana in northern Italy. In the the Middle ages this city has frequently been under attack by Saracens who controlled the Mediterranean Sea at this time. Therefore, Napoleons arabian ancestors probably came to Italy during the islamic expansion as conqueror or merchants.

Search for living relatives

iGENEA is looking for people who are descended in the direct male line from Napoleon Bonaparte I. The direct male line also includes the following members of the Bonaparte family:

» Napoléon I. Bonaparte (1769-1821)
» Napoléon II. Bonaparte (1811-1832)
» Napoléon III. Bonaparte (1808-1873)
» Joseph Bonaparte (1768-1844)
» Lucien Bonaparte (1778-1846)
» Louis Bonaparte (1778-1846)
» Jérôme Bonaparte (1784-1860)

There are many legends about illegitimate children of men of the Bonaparte family. For the first time, iGENEA offers the possibility, to prove these stories with the help of a DNA test. In our Napoleon DNA project we search for further closest living relatives of the Bonaparte family. To take part in the Napoleon DNA project order one of the following tests. If your profile matches Napoleon's profile in 34 of 37 markers we refund your payment and you receive a further DNA test as an upgrade for free:

iGENEA Basic

EUR 199.-

order

Ordered by 9% of customers for an origins analysis.

iGENEA Premium

EUR 449.-

order

Ordered by 75% of customers for an origins analysis.

iGENEA Expert

EUR 1099.-

order

Ordered by 16% of customers for an origins analysis.

»

T H E  S C I E N C E

The Y chromosome, the male sex chromosome, is passed on from father to son. Every son and male of the same paternal line has the same Y chromosome. If the Y chromosome of two men is the same, it means that they are related and share a common paternal ancestor. The extent of the match (number of common markers) can be used to determine the approximate number of generations that the relationship spans.

C O L L E C T I N G  S A M P L E S

Saliva samples are needed for performing the analysis. Collecting saliva samples is easy, absolutely free of pain and can be conducted at home.

L I N K S

Press reports about the origins analysis of iGENEA

Clarification of other ancient tribes by iGENEA

By Ancient tribes, we refer to peoples from ancient times who are defined not only by their own language, culture and history, but also by their own DNA profile. An origins analysis by iGENEA determines your Ancient tribe by means of your haplogroup and genetic profile. The result refers roughly to the period between 900 BC and 900 AD.

Preview of the iGENEA result

In addition to a certificate containing an origins analysis, genetic profile and personal interpretation, you also receive permanent and unlimited access to the largest DNA genealogy database in the world, which enables you to find people who share common ancestors with you.
further information

Order an iGENEA Origins Analysis

iGENEA Basic

EUR 199.-

order

Ordered by 9% of customers for an origins analysis.

iGENEA Premium

EUR 449.-

order

Ordered by 75% of customers for an origins analysis.

iGENEA Expert

EUR 1099.-

order

Ordered by 16% of customers for an origins analysis.

»

Personal guidance

We're there for you in person and will be pleased to give you detailed advice. You can reach us by phone or email.

Dipl.-Jur. Roman C. Scholz is one of the leading experts in the field of DNA genealogy.

Dipl. Biol. Joëlle Apter is a geneticist and anthropologist.

Please dial the following number for a free consultation by phone:

Phone:0041 43 817 13 91

You can also reach us by calling our international number: 0041 (43) 817 1391. If all our consultants are busy, please leave a message on the answering machine or call us later. Requests by email will also be answered on weekends.

"The result of their work is sensational."
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Which test is right for me?

iGENEA Basic
The IGENEA basic test provides you with insight into your paternal or your maternal origins. The basic test is especially useful in the following cases: More about the iGENEA basic test

iGENEA Premium
The IGENEA premium provides you with a personalised DNA analysis that is tailored precisely to your needs and questions.
The premium test is especially useful in the following cases: More about the iGENEA premium test

iGENEA Expert
The iGENEA expert test provides you with the total package in maximum quality and resolution.
The expert test is especially useful for people who have a deep interest in their origins in the maternal and in the paternal line.
Based on the current state of research, the iGENEA expert is the most detailed genealogical DNA test possible.
More about the iGENEA expert test

We are happy to help if you require further information: info@igenea.com