Ancient tribe Oceanic tribes - Ancestry and origin
What migrations did the oceanic peoples make?
Oceania is a term describing culturally and economically related islands of the Pacific that make up a continent. They are located on the Australian and Pacific coastal plates and on a few small geological plates. Culturally this continent is the smallest, and in terms of populace, the second smallest. These islands, numbering more than 7,500, have an area of more than 1.3 million square kilometers, spread out over an area of more than 70 million square kilometers. Approximately 2,100 islands are inhabited by 14.9 million people.
Modern man probably began to colonize the Australian continent 60,000 years ago. By about 35,000 years ago, the first colonization via the continuous land connection between New Guinea and Tasmania ended. Humans already lived at this time on portions of the Salomon Islands.
A second wave of colonization by people of Austronesian languages began in 1500 B.C. in Melanesia and Micronesia. Around the year 0, they reached Polynesia, between the second and sixth centuries Hawaii, in the fifth or sixth Easter Island, and between the 11th and 13th centuries, New Zeeland.
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What happened in Oceania since the time of colonization?
In the 16th century, Europeans discovered Oceania. These new colonists profited from their skin color, because the indigenous peoples believed in white gods who would come from across the sea. On into the 18th century, Oceania continued to be explored and charted.
In the 19th century, European scholars divided the Pacific into geographic, cultural, and linguistic zones. They were Micronesia in the North, Australia in the East, Polynesia in the Central Pacific, and Melanesia in the North Pacific east of the Philippines. No attention was paid to the commonalities and relationships between the islands. The French explorer Jules Sébastian César Dumont D'Urville simply assumed that three different races of men inhabited the widely spread islands.
Australia always had a special position. The languages and customs of the Aborigines are not those of the other Pacific Peoples. Archeological finds have indicated that men from Asia or Melanesia had already arrived on "the world's largest island" 60,000 years ago.
In these last centuries colonialism influenced and strained the indigenous cultures of Oceania. Many were destroyed, but others united in resistance. In New Zeeland, the Maori were able to force a treaty with the Europeans that would govern their coexistence, but in Australia, no such thing ever occurred. The Aborigines have been left nearly empty-handed to the present day. Though in 1770, during James Cook's expedition, more than 500 tribes lived in Australian, Australia was a "land without people" to the British. The indigenous inhabitants did not evince any recognizable system for the possession of land.
While the indigenous populace is a diminishing minority in Australia and Hawaii, the Maori in New Zeeland make up approximately 15% of the populace. In the northern Marianas Islands, Polynesians make up 21.3% of the population. Papua New Guinea and most of the South Sea Islands have majority indigenous populations.
Australia, New Zeeland, and Hawaii are primarily populated by Europeans. The population of New Caledonia is 34% European, that of French Polynesia 12%. On the Fiji Islands the population is 38.2% Indian.
Chinese and Philippinos are finding new homes on these island states. Philippinos make up the largest population group on the northern Marianas Islands with 26.2% of the populace, followed by the Chinese with 22.1%.
Genetic indigenous peoples by iGENEA
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