THE NAPOLEON DNA PROJECT - The search for Napoleon's descendants
Are you a direct male descendant of Napoleon Bonaparte?
The genetic origin analysis of Napoleon DNA profile.
Since the beginning of 2010, iGENEA has been searching for male descendants of Napoleon Bonaparte's family in a large-scale, worldwide project. 47 people who claim to be related to Napoleon have been tested for genetic similarities. At the same time, scientists conducted extensive DNA testing on a sample of Napoleon's hair. The test result was compared with a sample from Charles Napoléon Bonaparte, a descendant of Napoleon's brother Jérôme Bonaparte. Both test results matched and were published in the Journal of Molecular Biology Research on Dec. 31, 2011.
Origin analysis Napoleon Bonaparte
Using the profile of 37 markers and the Deep Clade test, the Institute for Origin Analysis iGENEA analyzed the origin of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Haplogroup. Napoleon belonged to haplogroup E-M34. This group originated about 7,000 years ago on the eastern Mediterranean coast between Egypt and Turkey. Today, this haplogroup is still most common in Israel, the Palestinian territories, and Lebanon. About 10% of all Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews also belong to this haplogroup.
Original people and region of origin. Napoleon's profile is rather rare. We find similar profiles among Sephardic Jews, in Greece and Italy. Exactly when Napoleon's ancestors came to Italy from the Middle East is uncertain. They may have sailed across the Mediterranean as Phoenician or Greek traders as early as 2,000 to 3,000 years ago. A Jewish ancestry of Napoleon is also possible.
A clue to Napoleon's origins is already provided by his family genealogy: one of his ancestors, Francesco Buonaparte, was called \"il Mauro\". His ancestors can be traced back to the northern Italian town of Sarzana. This town was repeatedly the target of attacks by the Saracens in the Middle Ages, who were in control of the Mediterranean at the time. So it is likely that Napoleon's Arab ancestors came to Italy as conquerors or as traders with the Islamic expansion.
Search for relatives living today. iGENEA is searching for individuals who are descended in a direct paternal line from Napoleon Bonaparte the First. The direct male line also includes the following members of the Bonaparte family:
Napoléon I Bonaparte (1769-1821)
Napoléon II. Bonaparte (1811-1832)
Napoléon III Bonaparte (1808-1873)
Joseph Bonaparte (1768-1844)
Lucien Bonaparte (1778-1846)
Louis Bonaparte (1778-1846)
Jérôme Bonaparte (1784-1860)
There are many legends about illegitimate children of men of the Bonaparte family. iGENEA now offers for the first time the possibility to verify these tales with the help of a DNA test. In the current Napoleon project, we are now looking for more living next of kin of the Bonaparte family. To participate in the Napoleon DNA Project, order an iGENEA Premium or Expert test. If your profile matches Napoleon's in 34 out of 37 markers, we will refund the price of the test and you will receive a free test extension.
- A rare variant of the mtDNA HVS1 sequence in the hairs of Napoléon's family
- Towards a Full-Length Y-Chromosome DNA Sequence of Napoléon the First: Beyond the E-M34 SNP Sub- Haplogroup
The DNA profiles of other famous people
Questions and answers about the DNA test
After we have received the samples it normally takes 6-8 weeks for the fist results. Depending on the chosen test the result is thus already fully ready or further analysis are done.
If you order and pay for a test set for somebody else online, the address of the other person under “Comments”. We will then send the collection kit to the address of this person. You can also place your order by phone or e-mail.
This is how the DNA origin analysis works
A Mucus Sample suffices to get a sample of your DNA. Taking the sample is simple and painless and can be done at home. Send the samples with the envelop included in the sampling kit.