The Tutankhamun DNA Project
Are you a direct male descendant of the pharaohs? iGENEA exclusively publishes the Y-DNA profile of Tutankhamun and searches for his last living relatives.
In 2009, extensive DNA tests were carried out on Tutankhamun's mummy and other members of his family. However, these were only partially published in February 2010. The results of the Y-DNA test have been kept under wraps despite several requests. iGENEA, with the help of a Discovery Channel recording, has now succeeded in reconstructing the Y-DNA profile of Tutankhamun, his father Akhenaten and his grandfather Amenophis III. The astonishing result:
Tutankhamun belongs to the haplogroup R-M269, to which more than 50% of all men in Western Europe belong today.
Search for relatives living today. In the current Tutankhamun project, we are now searching for the closest relatives of Tutankhamun's male lineage living today in Europe. To participate in the Tutankhamun DNA Project, order an iGENEA Premium or Expert test. If your profile matches Tutankhamun's in all 16 markers, we will refund the price of the test and you will receive a free test extension.
Background. Haplogroup R-M269 originated in the region around the Black Sea about 9,500 years ago. The earliest immigration of this group to Europe was with the spread of agriculture from 7,000 BC, most likely there is also a strong connection with the Indo-Europeans, who spread to Europe in several waves a little later.
In Egypt today, this group makes up less than 1% and is certainly partly due to European immigration during the last 2,000 years.
Tutankhamun was the last pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, reigning from 1332 to 1323 BC. His paternal lineage begins with Pharaoh Thutmosis I who ruled from about 1504 BC to 1492 BC. His paternal lineage is unknown.
Therefore, it is unclear at present how this lineage came to Egypt from the area of origin. The earliest evidence of agriculture is known from around 5,000 BC, it is possible that already with the spread of agriculture from the Fertile Crescent region, haplogroup R-M269 arrived in Egypt from the north.
Likewise, the fourth wave of spread of the presumably Indo-European Kurgan culture between 2,500 and 2,200 BC comes into question. This culture spread already from about 4.400 B.C. also to Europe whereby the connection with the haplogroup R-M269 can be explained. Haplogroup R-M269 was certainly also widespread in the empire of the Indo-European Hittites in Anatolia. From the reign of Akhenaten or Tutankhamun a letter from an Egyptian queen has survived from the archives of the Hittites. In this letter she asks the king of the Hittites for one of his sons as the new pharaoh, since her husband was dead and she had no son.
The identity of the queen is still unclear, but possibly there were kinship relations between the 18th dynasty of Egypt and the Hittites, the origin of the R-M269 line of pharaohs could indicate this.
Only future research will be able to clarify the exact relationships. With the publication of this test result we want to contribute to the scientific discussion and bring it further forward.
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