The Mitchiner/Mitchner Surname Project
There are many spellings of the name. The main groups are from NC, GA, PA, TN and IN. The GA group descends from a William Best Mitchiner, stepson of a John Mitchiner from NC. The TN group descends for William Bryan Mitchener, a brother of John Mitchiner. The NC group descends from Samuel Mitchner. DNA testing results: Currently five males have joined the DNA Project. One is a descendant of William Bryan Mitchener (1775-abt. 1850) that was born in NC and moved to TN. The other four results are from descendants of William Best Mitchiner (1792-1865) who lived in Screven Co., GA before moving to Randolph Co., GA. His step father was John Mitchiner that married Luvicy ______. She already had a son named William Harden Best. In 1822 William H. Best had his name legally changed to William Best Mitchiner. It is presumed that John Mitchiner and William Bryan Mitchener are brothers based on NC census and legal records. One of the four results from descendants of William Best Mitchiner is from a descendant of Thomas William Mitchiner (1828-1909), son of William Best Mitchiner by his first marriage to Charlotte Oliver. The other three results are from descendants of William Best Mitchiner by his second marriage to Sarah Coram. One result is from a descentant of his son, Robert Hayes Mitchiner (1850-1935). The other two are from descendants of his son, David Rumph Mitchiner (1852-1929). They represent lines of descent for two of the sons of David, Dessie Radford Mitchiner (1877-1948) and Robert Clinton Mitchiner (1886-1941). Analysis: The step father of William Best Mitchiner is John Mitchiner, presumed brother of William Bryan Mitchener. John Mitchiner is not known to have had any children so DNA can not help to prove any connections. Hopefully some Mitchiners in NC will do DNA screening and join the Mitchiner/Mitchner/Mitchener Project. That would help to show if there is a common Mitchiner ancestor for William Bryan Mitchener who left NC for TN and the NC Mitchiners. Based on DNA results there is no biological connection between William Bryan Mitchiner and any descendant of William Best Mitchiner. There is not a DNA match for a descendant of Thomas William Mitchiner and the one descendant of Robert Hayes Mitchiner or the two descendants of David Rumph Mitchiner. They do not share a common ancestor in William Best Mitchiner. The DNA carried by the descendants of David Rumph Mitchiner is probably that of William Best Mitchiner. There is a genetic distance of 1 between the descendant of Robert and the two descendants of David. Today there only exists one direct male line for the descendants of William Best Mitchiner by his first marriage. Therefore results from the descendant of Thomas William Mitchiner can not be compared to any other male descendants from the first marriage. However, there is an exact 25 marker Y-DNA match to Lester Eugene (Gene) Hale and a descendant of Thomas and a genetic distance of 1 for a 37 marker match. At a genetic distance of 1 on a 37 marker match there is a 58.60% chance of sharing a common ancestor within four generations and within eight generations there is a 88.79% chance of sharing a common ancestor. Going out past that there is a 97.38% to a 100% chance of a common ancestor. Perhaps more DNA results and other records will emerge to establish why the DNA for a descendant of Thomas William Mitchiner does not match the DNA for the one descendant of his half brother, Robert Hayes Mitchiner and the two descendants of his half brother, David Rumph Mitchiner. If Thomas and his wife raised a grandson as their son, then there is still a biological Mitchiner connection running from Thomas to his eldest daughter and through that daughter to a grandson. Y-DNA results for the African-American descendants of slaves from both NC and GA that share variants of spellings for the Mitchiner surname could help establish if some share more than just the spelling of a surname.
Other surnames in Project
Michener/Michiner, Michner, Mitchener, Mitchiner/Mitchner
Join the Mitchiner/Mitchner surname project
If you want to join the Mitchiner/Mitchner project please order your DNA test here.