A DNA test by iGENEA provides you with evidence of whether you have Basque roots. Based on your specific genetic characteristics, we can identify your origins and state from which line the Basque descent is (paternal, maternal or both lines). In addition, your profile is compared with more than 700,000 people in our database. If we find a genetic match, i.e., people with whom you correspond to a certain degree, then you have the opportunity to contact these people and intensify your family research.
The Basques don't have just a unique history and language, but the most recent studies have shown that they are genetically quite different from both the Spaniards and the French.
The origin of the Basques is still debated today, because a linguistic analysis is not possible. The Basque language evinces no commonalities with any other European language. Some experts believe that they migrated to Europe with the first Cro-Magnons and so belong to the first European peoples.
Other experts see a relationship with the Iberians (Theory:Basquo-Iberians). Yet another theory traces the origins of the Basques back to the immigration of the Indo-Europeans or the Vandals and Alans.
Today, more than 60% of Spanish Basques identify themselves exclusively as Basques and not as Spaniards or French, while a mere 2% identify themselves as Spaniards, and 4% as French, and not as Basques.
Genetically, Basques, Spaniards, and Frenchmen are very strongly differentiated from each other, so that a genetic differentiation between the groups is possible. The Spanish and French Basques belong to another haplogroup than their neighbors. By examining certain DNA sequences, we can analyze the genetic origin of the Basques.
"Being Basque" can be defined not only by language or by having Basque ancestors, but can also be genetically defined, and thereby answer many questions.
By Ancient tribes, we refer to peoples from ancient times who are defined not only by their own language, culture and history, but also by their own DNA profile. An origins analysis by iGENEA determines your Ancient tribe by means of your haplogroup and genetic profile. The result refers roughly to the period between 900 BC and 900 AD.
Your results are sent as a certificate and as an online access. You can view excerpts of example results here.
A DNA genealogy test can be helpful even for experienced genealogists. Church records and other documents used for researching family trees were not always accurate and complete when issued. There are numerous cases in which wars, unrest or natural disasters have led to the destruction of such records. In earlier times, documents of this nature were not even compiled and it used to be impossible to trace family relationships this far back. It is precisely here that a DNA genealogy test can be helpful. By comparing different people you can check their relationships. This enables you to join together different branches of your family tree and confirm or disprove speculations and family legends as well as reach back into centuries from which no written records have survived with your research.
The basic test goes back to approx. 2,000 years. Premium and Expert tests date back to approx. 100,000 years.
With the iGENEA Basic Test you can find out your percentage of origin, find relatives and receive a written result with a certificate about your result. The Premium Test contains the Basic Test and additionally the haplogroup, the primitive people and the region of origin for the pure paternal or pure maternal line are determined. Additional relatives can be found in the desired line. The Expert Test contains the Basic Test and additionally contains the haplogroup, the primitive people and the region of origin for the pure paternal and pure maternal line. Additional relatives can be found in both lines. Our Expert Test is the most comprehensive genealogical DNA test in the world.
With our DNA-Explorer you can find out your entire origin of the maternal and paternal side. Women and men can do this test. Only for a test of the pure male line we need the samples of a man, this can be e.g. the father, a brother, uncle or cousin. If you do not have a male relative, we recommend our iGENEA Basic Test (DNA-Explorer). If you have such a relative who is willing to give samples, we recommend our iGENEA Premium Test.