The iGENEA origins analysis
Based on the profile of 38 markers, the institute for origins analysis, iGENEA, analysed the origin of the French kings.
The Royal lineage descends from Haplogroup R-M269. The haplogroup R-M269 arose about 9.500 years ago in the surrounding area of the Black Sea. The migration of this haplogroup into Europe started at the earliest with the spread of agriculture 7.000 BC. It is very probable that it is also connected to the Indoeuropeans who spread over Europe a little later in several waves of migrations. The subgroup R-Z381 can be found above all in North-Western Europe and is typical for the regions the Bourbons originate.
Ancient tribe and region of origin:
The French kings are descended from the Capetians, a Frankish aristocratic family from whom the Sun King, Louis XIV, is also descended, for example. The region of origin of the Franks is located on the Rhine in the present-day west of Germany and the Netherlands. There is evidence to support that ancestors of this line date back to the 7th Century in this region. Hence, in the male line it is now the oldest existing dynasty in Europe. Frankish origin is confirmed by the Y-DNA profile.
Every French king since Hugo Capet (940 to 996), the progenitor of the Capetians, belongs to this family. That also applies to the kings of Spain, the former kings of Portugal and the former emperors of Brazil. Descendants still living today are:
- Juan Carlos I, King of Spain
- Prince Felipe of Spain
- Henry I, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
- Louis XX, Pretender to the Throne of France
- Duarte III Pio de Bragança, Pretender to the Throne of Portugal
- Prince Luiz of Orléans-Braganza, Pretender to the Throne of Brazil
- Carlos, Duke of Parma, Italy
Existing branches of the family:
- House of Bourbon
- House of Orléans
- House of Braganza:
Search for living relatives
The profile of the French kings is very rare. So far, there have been no close matches in the known databases. Consequently, a match with this profile is a very strong indication of descending from the Capetian Dynasty.
To verify the ancestral lineage of the above aristocratic family, iGENEA offers a free DNA test to all descendants in the male line.
Legends exist about children fathered out of wedlock by men from this family. For the first time ever, the opportunity to verify these stories with the help of a DNA test is offered by iGENEA. In the current project, we are looking for other living close relatives of this aristocratic family. To participate, order one of the following tests. We will refund the price of the test and you will receive a personal certificate that confirms the verified relationship if 35 out of 38 markers in your profile match those of the French kings.
Louis XVI was the last king of France before the French Revolution. After he was disempowered, he was sentenced to death and executed in Paris on 21 January 1793. One of those present used his handkerchief to wipe up some of the King's blood. Remnants of this cloth are still preserved today and were examined for traces of DNA in 2010. In 2012, samples were obtained from the mummified skull of King Henry IV, who was an ancestor of Louis XVI and ruled France 200 years before him. The two test results were almost entirely consistent. The profiles belong to haplogroup G. As only few markers have been tested from the skull of Henry IV and the authenticity of the handkerchief is doubtful, the result of this study has to be considered less convincing today.